by Berkeley Lab
The minor differences and major similarities between people in genetic level are able to produce the range and variety in what makes individuals distinctive from each other in its purely physical level, but we are also able conduct general understanding on what are the universal human characteristics, leading to a more better understanding on why also values must be considered as universal in nature.
In 2007 researcher of genetics Craig Venter, who is to say the least a pioneer in his field and who developed a revolutionary new method on mapping genomes, called the shotgun method, said in during his lecture A DNA driven world in The 32nd Richard Dimbleby Lecture that the genetic differences between humans are merely 1-2%. The deduction following this fact that our individuality is created in genetic level from such range of differences in genetic coding is that the human qualities must contain features that are universal in relative terms. The second conduction that follows these two facts is that the features we have a part of our personality must contain features that are also universal in content, again in relative terms. These features are divided by category and type, and when they are considered in the scope of all possible types, the universal human features can be divided into units.
Similar deductions than what can be continued in relativity with these facts, can be conducted to values. Information is always something that has a content-value, composed of primarily from patterns combined by the sub-conscious for the conscious to comprehend. There cannot exist information that could be considered as having no value and our whole sense of reality is built of information. The information that comes to our consciousness goes before entering it a content generative cycle in various sections of our brains. The sounds we hear, for example, are translated into words and sentences and are then sent into consciousness in representation having form. Without this kind of processes our awareness of the environment in the level of consciousness would be impossible. But again, since information is never content free, valueless, information can be divided by category and type, and when in the level of type, into units. The active combination of units of sensory information is all that for example we perceive of the environment as a representation that is the sum of its parts. The range of sensory information ends to the scope it can have in the neurocomputation, but the content generated for example by sentences in relativity the ordinary objects in our environment exceeds this scope, as representations of knowledge or wisdom are not in this same sense a part of the physical environment, but in different category and type.
Now, if there is a consciousness in which capacity it is to understand sentences and build relatively similar representations from them to consciousness, when ethical values are considered, when divided by this type into units, the values can be considered as universal in content. And since the ethical values known by us are all such that they are in the scope of human understanding, assembled by brains with only relative differences, they must be considered as universal to every living human individual whatever the race or nation one is born and has adapted to be a part of. As this is the same with the human characteristics and features, that they are both mostly universal in nature, the active combination of these, when divided into units, are what produce the possibly temporal active characteristics or features to be a part of the personality, conducted value relatively from representations. But what this also means is that the characteristics and features as separate units of information are without personality, and that they only have their properties that are combined to the individual, whose active combination produces the temporal features that are a part of the individuals characteristics, behavior and for example conscious valuations.
Henry M. Piironen is a contemporary philosopher and a humanist who considers religious values to be universal and invaluable for generations of ethical development. He has also studied closely the representational sense of reality, human brain anatomy, complex adaptive systems, memetics, existentialism and is the creator of the philosophy of cultural continuums, published for free through ezineseeker.com. To learn the universal and deeply rooted wisdom from 1361 quotations, collected from Buddhism: The Dhammapada, The Diamond Sutra, The Lankavatara Sutra; Christianity: The New Testament; Confucianism: Confucian Analects, The Doctrine of the Mean, The Great Learning; Hinduism: The Bhagavad Gita; Taoism: Tao Te Ching, purchase his latest book Divinity the Amazon bookstore now.